Raj is a Developer Advocate and Open Data Lead at IBM Cloud Data Services. He specializes in all things geospatial and hacks on analytics in R/dashDB and Spark/iPython notebooks. He's currently driven to make CDS the best place to obtain and exploit comprehensive, curated open data sets for business. Raj pioneered Web mapping-as-a-service in the late 1990s with Syncline, a web mapping startup he co-founded. After that he finished his PhD at MIT, which explored the potential of web services to power urban information systems. Prior to joining IBM in 2014, Raj worked on geospatial data interoperability challenges for the Open Geospatial Consortium, an international standards body. He's a frequent speaker on interoperability and geo-location services, and contributed to O'Reilly's 2005 book, "Mapping Hacks".